Daniel Swarovski was born in northern Bohemia in 1862, to a glasscutter father who owned his own small glass factory. It was here that a young Swarovski served an apprenticeship and became skilled in the art of glass cutting. In 1892 he patented an electric cutting machine that facilitated the production of crystal glass and in 1895, the Swarovski company was founded, establishing a crystal cutting factory in Austria to take advantage of local hydroelectricity for the energy-intensive grinding processes.
In order to create crystal glass that lets light refract in a rainbow spectrum, Swarovski coats some of its products with a special metallic chemical coating. In 2004 Swarovski released Xilion, a copyrighted cut designed to optimise the brilliance of components with flat backs. The Swarovski range includes crystal glass sculptures, jewellery, couture and home decor.