Daniel Swarovski was born in northern Bohemia in 1862. His father was a glasscutter who owned a small glass factory. It was there that a young Swarovski served an apprenticeship, becoming skilled in the art of glass cutting. In 1892 he patented an electric cutting machine that facilitated the production of crystal glass. In 1895 the Swarovski company was founded and established a crystal cutting factory in Austria to take advantage of local hydroelectricity for the energy-intensive grinding processes. To create crystal glass that lets light refract in a rainbow spectrum, Swarovski coats some of its products with special metallic chemical coatings. In 2004 Swarovski released Xilion, a copyrighted cut designed to optimise the brilliance of components with flat backs. The Swarovski range includes crystal glass sculptures, jewelry, couture and home decor.